Volume 33, pp. 31-44, 2008-2009.

Using FGMRES to obtain backward stability in mixed precision

M. Arioli and I. S. Duff


We consider the triangular factorization of matrices in single-precision arithmetic and show how these factors can be used to obtain a backward stable solution. Our aim is to obtain double-precision accuracy even when the system is ill-conditioned. We examine the use of iterative refinement and show by example that it may not converge. We then show both theoretically and practically that the use of FGMRES will give us the result that we desire with fairly mild conditions on the matrix and the direct factorization. We perform extensive experiments on dense matrices using MATLAB and indicate how our work extends to sparse matrix factorization and solution.

Full Text (PDF) [166 KB], BibTeX

Key words

FGMRES, mixed precision arithmetic, hybrid method, direct factorization, iterative methods, large sparse systems, error analysis

AMS subject classifications

65F05, 65F10, 65F50, 65G20, 65G50

ETNA articles which cite this article

Vol. 40 (2013), pp. 338-355 Serge Gratton, Pavel Jiránek, and Xavier Vasseur: Energy backward error: interpretation in numerical solution of elliptic partial differential equations and behaviour in the conjugate gradient method
Vol. 60 (2024), pp. 40-58 Erin Carson and Ieva Daužickaitė: The stability of split-preconditioned FGMRES in four precisions

< Back